Street Parking – Torino, Genova and Milano

Before 1989, Italian law did not allow charges for parking unless it was “custodito”, i.e. there was a parking attendant. This applied to street parking as well, and essentially resulted in free on-street parking. Although cities could and did implement time limits, there was not very strict enforcement, since it was usually a low priority of local police departments. By the 1980’s  city leaders and  urban planners realized a  change was needed and in 1989 the government  delegated the authority to regulate parking charges to the cities.

In 1994, Torino implemented its parking program, which included the designation of blue zones where parking would cost a fee, and assigning the management of the  street parking program to the same agency that operated the public transportation service, (then AMT, now the GTT).   It is based on the principle of charging more for street parking the closer the street is to the city center and is described in post link here.  The city used the generated revenue to not only pay for the striping and parking machines but also to build underground parking garages. Today, there are 55,000 paid spaces, 7200 of which are underground. Currently the revenues are €25 million per year.

Milano and Genova also have blue zones  but the three cities vary in how residential parking  is accommodated with respect to these blue zones.

Torino- Torino’s blue zones  is essentially the center core of the city, about 1.5 mile in diameter.  It is available for any member of the public and also residents with permits.  The difference is that residents pay for the permit but  __??

This system benefits the nonresidents since there are more spots available for them to park in.

Torino uses Yellow pavement striping  for designating disabled parking spaces, bus stops and taxi zones.



MIlano- Milano has also divided its street parking into blue and yellow zones but with different meanings. Only residents with permits can park in the yellow zones. All others, i.e. vsitors, workers, shoppers, etc.  must park in the blue zones. This system benefits the residents since they do not have to share their spaces with non residents. They pay the same or no?


Genova Street Parking Sign

Genova – Genova has more acute shortage of land, exemplified by many very narrow streets and thus has far less onstreet parking to begin with compared to Torino and Milano. Their approach was to designate blue zones in the most congested locations of the city, the centro storico and  a few other locations, and only residents and people who work in the vicinity can park there. They need to display a permit and pay the parking fee  if they park during the hours the fee applies.  If you are not are resident or work, for example you are visiting someone who lives there or want to shop or go to a restaurant, your options are to arrive without a car or pay for parking at a private parking facility (called a parcheggio rotazione- since these parking spaces are not reserned but turnover frequently).

Not sure how motorcyles are accommodated, in this situation but judging from the mass quantities of motorcycles and scooters, I would guess they park for free or less.

I would like to thank  Prof. Franco Corsico,  Arch. Federica Alcozar and  Prof. Paolo Rigante of Milano for help in describing the policies of Torino, Genova and Milano, respectively.

One response to “Street Parking – Torino, Genova and Milano

  1. Michelle–some observations on TO, MI + GE parking discussion. Like u, I’m on the National Committee on Uniform Traffic Control Devices, so while interested in pkg strategies, I’m also interested traffic control devices (TCD)–not sure if your work will focus on TCDs. Apologies if not. (1) Suggest discussion be retitled “on-street parking strategies.” (2) Good background. (3) Surprised to learn 3 cities use blue (TO+GE) or blue+yellow(MI) for paid pkg and/or ADA pkg. It appears these cities, Italy or EU do not follow (or have) colored pavement marking standards. To follow better diverse practices in each city (re: colored markings, residential permits, visitor pkg) a summary table identifying these differences would benefit. (3) Could u clarify how Blue Zone in TO “benefits nonresidents since there are more spots available for them to park in.” It’s clear how this works in MI. (4) Use of yellow pavement markings for Taxi and/or Bus lanes has been standard in Italy for a long time + do not believe this is unique to TO. May be worth noting that Italy (+other Euro countries) do not use yellow markings to separate opposing traffic flows. (5) I recall a multitude of low-tech proof-of-payment methods for on-street pkg in Italy: permits on dashboard, “parking disc” (to display arrival times for-say-30 min free pkg), scratch cards (like lottery cards, scratch off hour or day). Have these methods been replaced with electronic methods? If so, have new payment methods benefitted goals of 3 cities to restrict or manage on-street pkg? (6) Suggest translate + some commentary on attached photo (eg., is cell phone used for paid pkg predominant since Italy has one of world’s highest cell phone/1000 persons (#10 vs. #72 in US)? Could use of cell phone preclude $$ needed for ground-mounted equipment? Is sign clear to visitors and non-residents? (7) Finally, good luck—maurice

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