Parking Requirements are set by the City of Hamburg since it is also the state. There is a ratio for number of cars spaces and bike spaces for dozens of land use types, (no requirement for motorcycles). The parking requirements are typically based on building floor area, but for some land uses, it is based on # units or number of seats. The parking ordinance also specifies the % of this amount that is for the “residents or employees “ or the visitors of the land use. The permitted variations to the requirements set forth in the table are:
- In the “city center”, most uses are reduced to 25% exactly; no more no less can be provided (this does not apply to residential or hotels). There used to be three tiers of reduced parking but it was discontinued about 7 years ago as it was difficult to administer.
- Residential parking can be reduced or eliminated if four conditions are present:
- The building has at least 30 units
- The residents sign a contract not to own a car (or it’s in their lease)
- The building must be at a U bahn or S bahn station
- Other concepts are incorporated to reduce need for car such exceptional bike parking, car sharing, no specific requirements, but there must have a strategy of some kind.
3. For office commercial sites, the number of parking spaces can be reduced on a sliding scale if at least 50% of employees are given a HVV transit pass; reduction begins at 5%, and increases to 50 % if 90% of employees are given a pass.
4. For new theatres, if they have a contract with HVV that the ticket for the event also is valid on all public transportation to and from the event, they can reduce parking 50%. There is also some sort of deal with existing theatres and but not quite sure what it is. Up to 50 % of new required parking can be shared with another nearby land use if the peak time periods do not overlap , for example an office and a theatre; new rules will increase this to 80% .
- If there is no space for the required parking on the parcel or it is difficult to go underground due to the high water table in Hamburg, it is permitted to build parking up to 300 meters away, this will be increased to 500 meters.
- The developer can also contract with an existing public parking garage so that the spaces needed are permanently leased from the garage as part of the parking for this building.
- If the required parking is not provided or cannot be provided, they pay the city 10000 euro per space in the city center and 6000 outside the city center.
- Finally if developer calculates that their project won’t generate as much parking demand as the standards require, they may be allowed to have Stundung, a temporary reprieve or delay to see if that really is the case. In five years, if they for example only have 20 employees for the business and 40 spaces were required, they do not have to provide the full amount. If however, they cannot verify their assumptions, then they need to build it or they have to pay as described above.
Thanks to Thorsten Gierenz, City of Hamburg, for explaining all this to me, any errors are my own. Thanks also to Arno Plentz, City of Hamburg for arranging this and other meetings while I was in Hamburg, a free and hanseatic city.